Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related, degenerative joint disorder which affects many people worldwide. It causes pain, most frequently in the large joints such as knee and hips and is characterised by pain, decreased mobility and negative effects on the quality of life. This randomised, double-blind placebo controlled trial of 48 adults between the age of 35 and 75, aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Boswellia serrata extract on newly diagnosed or untreated patients with OA of the knee. 340mg of Boswellia serrata extract was administered daily in 2 doses to the treatment group for 120 days. Outcome measures were WOMAC scores on pain, stiffness and physical function; a 6 min walk test assessing distance; physician assessment of range of motion, strength, stability and tenderness; x-ray images of joint space and growths; and hs-CRP, a blood marker of inflammation. The researchers found that the treatment group significantly improved, with reduced pain and stiffness compared to placebo. X-ray assessment also showed significantly improved knee join space and reductions in abnormal bone spur growth in the treatment group. Additionally, the treatment group had significantly lower hs-CRP compared to placebo. No adverse effects were reported. Whilst this is a small trial, Nutrition Practitioners working with patients with OA could consider the use of Boswellia serrata extract in their supplement protocols.