Nutrition support in the time of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19).

Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.). 2020;74:110834

Plain language summary

Nutrition is part of the treatment regimen for acute and chronic diseases and applies particularly to ailments for which an etiologic treatment has not yet been discovered and validated. Furthermore, the timing of nutritional intervention is also important as patients rapidly progress from cough to shortness of breath, and then to respiratory failure and admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) for mechanical ventilation. Literature shows that COVID-19 is associated with negative outcomes in older, comorbid, and hypoalbuminemic (low albumin – protein made by the liver - blood levels) patients. In fact, international nutrition scientific societies are developing updated guidelines that are specific to the needs of patients who are critically ill with COVID-19. While waiting for specific recommendations on the nutritional management of patients with COVID-19 in the ICU, current available guidelines on the clinical nutrition for patients in the ICU are likely to fit the needs of patients with COVID-19.

Lifestyle medicine

Fundamental Clinical Imbalances : Immune and inflammation
Patient Centred Factors : Mediators/Covid-19/nutrition
Environmental Inputs : Diet ; Nutrients
Personal Lifestyle Factors : Nutrition
Functional Laboratory Testing : Not applicable

Methodological quality

Allocation concealment : Not applicable
Publication Type : Editorial