Plain language summary
The World Health Organisation declared COVID-19 caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2 a global pandemic. ACE-2 is the host cell receptor responsible for mediating infection by SARS-CoV-2. The main aim of this study was to assess the association between the mean levels of vitamin D in various countries and the mortality caused by COVID-19. A secondary aim was to identify any association/s between the mean vitamin D levels in various countries and the number of cases of COVID-19. This study is a cross-sectional analysis of based on studies carried out on European countries. Results indicate a potential crude association between the mean vitamin D levels in various European countries with COVID-19 cases and COVID-19 mortality. Authors conclude that further studies about vitamin D levels in COVID-19 patients with different degrees of disease severity should be performed.
WHO declared SARS-CoV-2 a global pandemic. The present aim was to propose an hypothesis that there is a potential association between mean levels of vitamin D in various countries with cases and mortality caused by COVID-19. The mean levels of vitamin D for 20 European countries and morbidity and mortality caused by COVID-19 were acquired. Negative correlations between mean levels of vitamin D (average 56 mmol/L, STDEV 10.61) in each country and the number of COVID-19 cases/1 M (mean 295.95, STDEV 298.7, and mortality/1 M (mean 5.96, STDEV 15.13) were observed. Vitamin D levels are severely low in the aging population especially in Spain, Italy and Switzerland. This is also the most vulnerable group of the population in relation to COVID-19. It should be advisable to perform dedicated studies about vitamin D levels in COVID-19 patients with different degrees of disease severity.