Several countries have reported higher death rates and more severe cases of covid-19 amongst individuals with chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. This review of 100 papers aimed to investigate the interconnecting factors which may contribute to poorer prognosis in individuals with covid-19 and type 2 diabetes. Although the evidence suggests that patients with type 2 diabetes have poorer outcomes after contracting covid-19, they are not more susceptible to infection. The paper reported that mechanisms which may increase severity in type 2 diabetics are abnormal immune function, increased susceptibility to inflammation, the increased adherence of the virus to target cells and reduced ability to fight infection. It is important to manage blood sugars when suffering from covid-19. The paper reviewed the use of several medications such as metformin, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4), glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists and insulin in the context of individuals suffering from covid-19, with insulin being the treatment of choice in the acutely ill patient. Current treatments of covid-19 were also reviewed such as chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, Lopinavir-ritonavir, IL-6 receptor agonists, type 1 interferon and remdesivir. It was concluded that clinicians should be aware of the risks in patients with type 2 diabetes and covid-19. However as new data is made available, the chronic and long-term implications will become clearer. This study could be used by health care professionals to ensure that patients with type 2 diabetes do everything they can to avoid covid-19 infection and that if contracted these patients are closely monitored for severe disease.