Plain language summary
Oxidative stress indicates a state where excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) overwhelm the biological antioxidant capacity, leading to disruption of ROS homeostasis and cellular damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hydrogen-rich water (HW) consumption in healthy adults through the extensive analyses of antioxidant capacity, peripheral blood mononuclear cell subsets and their transcriptome profile and to compare the effects of HW consumption with those of plain water (PW) consumption. This study is a 4-week, parallel-designed, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial. The enrolled participants were randomly assigned to either the PW group (n=19) or the HW group (n=22). Results show that four-week consumption of HW induced a substantial increase in the antioxidant capacity and a decrease in oxidative stress of DNAs, although no significant results were found in the comparison of an intervention (HW) and the placebo (PW) group. Furthermore, the frequencies of apoptotic cells were significantly reduced by HW. Authors conclude that consumption of HW may promote biological antioxidant capacity for adults >30 years more than younger individuals.
The evidence for the beneficial effects of drinking hydrogen-water (HW) is rare. We aimed to investigate the effects of HW consumption on oxidative stress and immune functions in healthy adults using systemic approaches of biochemical, cellular, and molecular nutrition. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, healthy adults (20-59 y) consumed either 1.5 L/d of HW (n = 20) or plain water (PW, n = 18) for 4 weeks. The changes from baseline to the 4th week in serum biological antioxidant potential (BAP), derivatives of reactive oxygen, and 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine did not differ between groups; however, in those aged ≥ 30 y, BAP increased greater in the HW group than the PW group. Apoptosis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was significantly less in the HW group. Flow cytometry analysis of CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, CD14+ and CD11b+ cells showed that the frequency of CD14+ cells decreased in the HW group. RNA-sequencing analysis of PBMCs demonstrated that the transcriptomes of the HW group were clearly distinguished from those of the PW group. Most notably, transcriptional networks of inflammatory responses and NF-κB signaling were significantly down-regulated in the HW group. These finding suggest HW increases antioxidant capacity thereby reducing inflammatory responses in healthy adults.