The outbreak of a novel coronavirus was reported in Wuhan, in the Hubei province of China, in December 2019. This virus was officially designated as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) because of its phylogenetic and taxonomic similarities to other coronaviruses. The aim of this review was to understand the viral infection mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2, the clinical features of Covid-19 and the mechanisms through which Covid-19 can be effectively treated with existing drugs. Literature shows that: • SARS-CoV-2 is usually transmitted by inhalation or contact with infected droplets. Inhaled droplets or aerosol carrying the virus then infect and spread through the respiratory tracts. • Severe inflammatory response is a remarkable feature of Covid-19 symptoms. This is caused by delayed viral clearance, which induces chronic systemic inflammation and widespread tissue damage, even leading to cytokine storms. • The incubation period is generally 5-6 days, but it ranges from one day to as much as two weeks. • Interstitial pneumonia and subsequent acute respiratory distress syndrome are the leading causes of death in patients with Covid-19. • There is no licensed treatment for Covid-19, only a combination of antiviral and anti-inflammatory drug treatments are being used. Authors conclude that their finding may provide new insights into the development of therapeutics by understanding the various clinical and basic research studies currently underway.