Plain language summary
Probiotics are defined by the WHO as live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. Recent studies suggest that probiotics play a role as natural therapeutic supplements with the potential to improve lipid metabolism, and improve weight control through interventions that affect gut microbiome diversity. The aim of this study was to explore how Lactobacillus curvatus HY7601 (HY7601) and Lactobacillus plantarum KY1032 (KY1032) supplementation alleviate obesity by modulating the human gut microbiome. This study was a 12-week randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study on overweight and obese Koreans. Subjects (n =72) were randomly assigned to receive either probiotics or placebo. Results showed that probiotic supplementation with HY7601 and KY1032 decreased body weight, visceral fat mass, waist circumference, and increased adiponectin. Furthermore, these probiotics changed the bacterial gut microbiota characteristics associated with each obesity indicator. HY7601 and KY1032 exerted anti-obesity effects by regulating the gut microbiota composition. Authors conclude that HY7601 and KY1032 intake can alter the composition and diversity of the human gut microbiome, and thereby help prevent obesity and its associated metabolic syndrome.
Obesity and overweight are closely related to diet, and the gut microbiota play an important role in body weight and human health. The aim of this study was to explore how Lactobacillus curvatus HY7601 and Lactobacillus plantarum KY1032 supplementation alleviate obesity by modulating the human gut microbiome. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted on 72 individuals with overweight. Over a 12-week period, probiotic groups consumed 1 × 1010 colony-forming units of HY7601 and KY1032, whereas the placebo group consumed the same product without probiotics. After treatment, the probiotic group displayed a reduction in body weight (p < 0.001), visceral fat mass (p < 0.025), and waist circumference (p < 0.007), and an increase in adiponectin (p < 0.046), compared with the placebo group. Additionally, HY7601 and KY1032 supplementation modulated bacterial gut microbiota characteristics and beta diversity by increasing Bifidobacteriaceae and Akkermansiaceae and decreasing Prevotellaceae and Selenomonadaceae. In summary, HY7601 and KY1032 probiotics exert anti-obesity effects by regulating the gut microbiota; hence, they have therapeutic potential for preventing or alleviating obesity and living with overweight.