Sodium Butyrate Effectiveness in Children and Adolescents with Newly Diagnosed Inflammatory Bowel Diseases-Randomized Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Trial.

Nutrients. 2022;14(16)
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Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as Crohn’s Disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic gastrointestinal disorders with periods of exacerbation and remission. The disease develops as a result of an abnormal immune response in the gastrointestinal mucosa in genetically predisposed individuals exposed to certain environmental conditions. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral sodium butyrate as an add-on to standard therapy in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed IBD. This study is a prospective, randomised, and placebo-controlled trial. Patients (n = 80) were randomised and assigned to one of two groups: group A received butyric acid at a dose of 150 mg, and group B received 150 mg placebo. Results show that supplementation with sodium butyrate to be ineffective in the add-on treatment of newly diagnosed children and adolescents with IBD. Furthermore, during the study, none of the participants reported adverse events. Authors conclude that the results of their study will contribute to further studies that will determine which patients with IBD may benefit from sodium butyrate supplementation. Further clinical trials on large groups of patients are needed to establish if IBD patients may benefit from sodium butyrate.


BACKGROUND Butyric acid's effectiveness has not yet been assessed in the pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) population. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of oral sodium butyrate as an add-on to standard therapy in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed IBD. METHODS This was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter study. Patients aged 6-18 years with colonic Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, who received standard therapy depending on the disease's severity, were randomized to receive 150 mg sodium butyrate twice a day (group A) or placebo (group B). The primary outcome was the difference in disease activity and fecal calprotectin concentration between the two study groups measured at 12 weeks of the study. RESULTS In total, 72 patients with initially active disease completed the study, 29 patients in group A and 43 in group B. At week 12 of the study, the majority of patients achieved remission. No difference in remission rate or median disease activity was found between the two groups (p = 0.37 and 0.31, respectively). None of the patients reported adverse events. CONCLUSIONS A 12-week supplementation with sodium butyrate, as adjunctive therapy, did not show efficacy in newly diagnosed children and adolescents with IBD.

Lifestyle medicine

Patient Centred Factors : Mediators/Inflammatory bowel diseases
Environmental Inputs : Diet ; Microorganisms
Personal Lifestyle Factors : Nutrition
Functional Laboratory Testing : Stool

Methodological quality

Jadad score : 3
Allocation concealment : Yes