The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2019;109(3):544-553
Plain language summary
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have a mutation in a particular gene which results in derangements in chloride transport across epithelial surfaces, leading to abnormally thickened mucus on the surfaces of the lung, pancreas, intestines, and other organs. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of high-dose vitamin D3 administered to adults with CF during and after an acute pulmonary exacerbation. The study is a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Subjects were randomly assigned and stratified to one of the two groups: vitamin D (5 capsules of vitamin D3 containing 50,000 IU) or placebo (5 capsules that were identical in size, shape, and colour to the vitamin D3 capsule). Results demonstrated that high-dose vitamin D3 administration to adults with CF initiated at the time of a pulmonary exacerbation did not improve time to next pulmonary exacerbation or 1 year survival. Authors conclude that a high-dose vitamin D3 bolus, combined with maintenance therapy given to adults with CF during acute pulmonary exacerbation of CF did not improve 1 year survival or recovery of lung function.