European journal of nutrition. 2019;58(1):335-344
Plain language summary
Upper respiratory tract symptoms (URS) are the most common ailment reported by athletes to medicine clinics at major sporting events. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bovine colostrum (COL) supplementation on the induction of invivo immune responses to a novel antigen, diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP) [a topically administered experimental drug], following prolonged exercise. The study is a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial which recruited 34 healthy male participants aged between 18 and 45 years. The participants were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: COL group (n = 17) or placebo group (n = 17). Results indicate that COL did not significantly affect the overall response to the novel antigen, DPCP, but COL supplementation induced greater sensitivity of antigen-specific memory recalled 4 weeks following the initial sensitisation. Authors conclude that their findings may suggest a nutritional strategy to counter exercise-induced immunodepression assessed via an established, clinically relevant in vivo marker of immunity.